Food is inexorably linked to many aspects of our daily life, from climate change to sustainable development, from civil conflicts to migration flows. Through its engagement with sustainable development and humanitarian assistance programmes, the EU has become a global food security player. The Union should therefore design and launch a food diplomacy under the aegis of the European External Action Service (EEAS) and its security policy. This is the only way to increase the effectiveness of its food security-related programmes and to make food available, safe and environmentally sustainable for all.
In the Middle East, the consequences of climate change are already a reality of life. The region is one of the most water-stressed areas in the world, the average temperature is rising faster than elsewhere, and a massive reduction in rainfall is also expected for the coming years. Adding to the conflicts and quarrels – ranging from the Israeli–Palestinian conflict to Syria and Iraq as well as to rivalries between Iran and the Gulf states – access to and use of natural resources act as yet another crisis amplifier in the region: water is as important here as land ownership and as precious as access to oil.
As US puts pressure on NATO members to increase defence spending, EU foreign affairs chief argues fighting climate change prevents instability.
At the annual Munich Security Conference, the UN’s top climate change official UNFCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa gave an opening address at a discussion on human security and climate security. In her address, she called for a reframing of the narrative around climate change, given its far-ranging implications for global peace and stability.