The need for a new era of climate diplomacy – one where climate risks are integrated into foreign policy agendas – is great, given the various security implications of climate change. There are different entry points and approaches to climate diplomacy, ranging from informal diplomatic efforts to transboundary resource management and conflict-sensitive adaptation. We’ve compiled a list of our 10 key publications touching upon different dimensions of climate diplomacy. Enjoy the read!
"A New Climate for Peace" is an independent report commissioned by members of the G7 Member States. The report identifies seven compound climate-fragility risks that pose serious threats to the stability of states and societies in the decades ahead.
Based on a thorough assessment of existing policies on climate change adaptation, development cooperation and humanitarian aid, and peacebuilding, the report recommends that the G7 take concrete action, both as individual members and jointly, to tackle climate-fragility risks and increase the resilience of states and societies to them.
Rüttinger, Lukas; Gerald Stang, Dan Smith, Dennis Tänzler, Janani Vivekananda et al. 2015: A New Climate for Peace – Taking Action on Climate and Fragility Risks. Berlin/London/ Washington/Paris: adelphi, International Alert, The Wilson Center, EUISS.
Building upon the above-mentioned "A New Climate for Peace" report, this report, published one year on, takes stock of the steps taken and provides a proper global risk scan.
The intersection of accelerating impacts of climate change, the continuing increase in the number of armed conflicts and deepening geopolitical rivalries create a deeply unsettling new normal. At the same time, the international community has shown that it can act together to address global problems.
The Agenda 2030, the Paris Agreement, the World Humanitarian Summit, and Habitat III all illustrate that there are efforts to find a viable change strategy. This is mirrored by activities of the G7, the UN, the African Union and the European Union.
Mobjörk, Malin; Dan Smith and Lukas Rüttinger 2016: Towards A Global Resilience Agenda. Action on Climate Fragility Risks. The Hague/Berlin/Stockholm: Clingendael Institute/adelphi/SIPRI.
Stability and cooperation are preconditions for successful adaptation to increasing water shortages. This report outlines key water governance instruments that support climate change adaptation in transboundary basins.
An increasing number of river basins use such instruments, for example data and information sharing mechanisms or flexible water treaties, to address the impacts of climate change and build adaptive capacities. Yet, this report also shows that in many basins, such instruments are not employed at all, or only to a limited extent. In identifying existing shortcomings, the report asks how such weaknesses could potentially be ameliorated by climate policy instruments.
Blumstein, Sabine; Benjamin Pohl and Dennis Tänzler (2016): Water and Climate Diplomacy. Integrative Approaches for Adaptive Action in Transboundary River Basins. Berlin: adelphi. Supported by the German Federal Foreign Office.
Cities are increasingly asserting themselves at the global level, as evidenced by their growing prominence in international negotiation processes, particularly the UNFCCC.
Cities, their needs and potential need to be better considered during climate negotiations. An increasing level of collaboration among cities makes it more feasible than ever for national governments to engage with cities as a coherent group of actors. However, what role they should play remains unclear.
This paper examines the relevance of cities and city networks in the current international climate policy architecture and addresses the role that cities should play based on their potential to drive climate policies from the bottom up.
Fischer, Kaj; Eleni Dellas, Franziska Schreiber, Michele Acuto, Daniel London, Dennis Tänzler and Alexander Carius 2015: Urbanization and Climate Diplomacy. The Stake of Cities in Global Climate Governance. Berlin: adelphi.
The increasing number of extreme weather events, and their impacts, has led to increasing awareness in the extractives industries of the potential negative impacts of climate change. In response, the industry has started thinking about its own vulnerabilities and the risks climate change could pose.
However, to date, there has been little research and debate that takes a more comprehensive look at the links between climate change and mining. With this report, Lukas Rüttinger and Vigya Sharma try to fill this gap, by shedding some light on these links and providing an overview of the complex challenges around extractive resources in the context of climate change, highlighting four entry points for foreign policy.
Rüttinger, Lukas and Vigya Sharma 2016: Climate Change and Mining. A Foreign Policy Perspective. Berlin: adelphi.
Climate action presents great opportunities to grow the economy sustainably. Up to 90% of climate actions needed to stay below 2°C warming are compatible with economic development and with improving living standards. Comparing the costs and all benefits shows: climate action is an imperative because it makes economic sense. The infographic is a useful resource that helps diplomats and policy makers to promote a better understanding of these co-benefits.
This edited volume focuses on conflict-sensitivity in climate change adaptation strategies and practices in Africa and brings together the voices of academics, practitioners and policymakers from across the globe and Africa. Key questions that frame the contributions are: how do climate change and/or climate adaptation projects cause or contribute to conflicts, and how can adaptation measures be conflict-sensitive?
Extensive research provides insight into climate change effects and various mitigation and adaptation strategies – often in conflict prone or post-conflict states. Further, drawing on African experiences, the highly multi-disciplinary nature of the policy and practice of conflict-sensitive adaptation emerges. The volume provides compelling analyses and recommendations for the development of conflict-sensitive adaptation tools and policies.
Bob, Urmilla and Salomé Bronkhorst (Eds.): Conflict-sensitive adaptation to climate change in Africa. Climate Diplomacy Series. Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag.
The effects of climate change will increasingly shape our security in the coming years. The environment is now in a state of flux, posing significant challenges to how societies function. This may have serious economic, social and political consequences for entire regions. adelphi and its partners formed an alliance with the German Federal Foreign Office and have played a central role in the process of analysing the international debates on climate diplomacy and security, while developing key narratives, contributing to awareness raising and capacity building efforts, and supporting international and regional dialogues on this topic around the world. In this publication, we seek to illustrate the rationale and results of adelphi’s engagement in climate diplomacy activities – efforts undertaken to help foster a response to climate change that is commensurate with its status as one of the key foreign policy challenges of the 21st century.
Adriázola, Paola; Alexander Carius, Laura Griestop, Lena Ruthner, Dennis Tänzler, Joe Thwaites and Stephan Wolters 2014: New Paths for Climate Diplomacy. Berlin: adelphi.
This is one of the founding documents of a new global discourse on climate diplomacy. The publication highlights the key positions in the debate on the security risks of climate change and the prospects of climate diplomacy.
The publication gives particular emphasis to water resource management, global food security, and rising sea levels that threaten coastal areas and low-lying island states. The authors explore ways to further develop regional cooperation and dialogue in light of a changing climate and provide strong arguments for urgent action that complements international climate negotiations.
Tänzler, Dennis and Alexander Carius (ed.) 2012: Climate Diplomacy in Perspective. From Early Warning to Early Action. Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag.
And last but not least, a publication by our colleagues from E3G that is worth consulting:
The EU Global Strategy, presented by the EU's High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini in June 2016, is a key moment to refresh the EU’s approach to maintaining its prosperity and security in a rapidly changing world.
In this report, Luca Bergamaschi, Nick Mabey, Jonathan Gaventa and Camilla Born from E3G explore practical actions that EU foreign policy institutions could undertake to manage climate risk and an orderly global transition. This will require a new approach to diplomacy, to the European neighborhood, to trading partners and fossil fuel suppliers, to investment and development assistance and to global markets.
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The Kingdom of the Netherlands has contributed $28 million to back FAO's work to boost the resilience of food systems in Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan - part of a new initiative to scale-up resilience-based development work in countries affected by protracted crises.
A group of five small countries have announced that they will launch negotiations on a new Agreement on Climate Change, Trade and Sustainability, which, if successful, would constitute the first international trade agreement focused solely on climate change and sustainable development. The initiative also breaks new ground by aiming to simultaneously remove barriers for trade in environmental goods and services and crafting binding rules to eliminate fossil fuel subsidies. Small countries can pioneer the development of new trade rules that can help achieve climate goals, but making credible commitments, attracting additional participants, and ensuring transparency will be essential ingredients for long-term success.
Ten years after committing to rationalise and phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies, G20 countries still subsidise coal, oil and gas to the tune of around USD 150 billion annually. The process to try to move the G20 forward on this issue has been via peer review of fossil fuel subsidies, but these reviews need to be followed by action. Subsidy reforms could free up resources that could be channeled back into government programmes, which would be necessary to mitigate the impacts of rising energy prices on vulnerable populations and to help smooth reforms, and could also be spent on accelerating a clean energy transition.
Adapting to climate change and strengthening resilience are becoming priorities for the international community – however, they require greater ambition in climate policy. 107 governments and numerous international organisations have endorsed a call for action on raising ambition at the United Nations Climate Change Summit on 23rd September 2019. Following the summit, the Global Commission on Adaptation will begin its Year of Action to meet the climate challenges ahead. The Year of Action is here to accelerate climate adaptation around the world, to improve human well-being and to drive more sustainable economic development and security.