Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Minerals & Mining
Security
South America
Daria Ivleva, adelphi

The Spanish version of the Exhibition Environment, Conflict and Cooperation (ECC) that includes a specific module on South America is currently shown in Chile in cooperation with the NGO Fundación Terram. During 9-20 May, the Exhibition was hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) of Chile. The launch event on 10 May was attended by over a hundred participants: foreign policy, defence and environmental decision makers from Chile, representatives of several Latin American countries, Germany and USA, as well as members of Chilean and international civil society.

The event drew attention to the fact that Chile is a country highly vulnerable to impacts of climate change both due to geographical factors and the economic dependence on extractive industries. The speeches also highlighted the role of diplomacy and international cooperation.

Eduardo Gálvez, Director of Foreign Policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, offered an opening speech on national and international climate change policies, proclaiming “the beginning of the end of fossil fuel based economy” and highlighting the importance of shifting development on a sustainable path. The German Ambassador in Santiago de Chile Rolf Schulze underlined that a sustainable transition required structural changes around the world in order to face climate challenges. Waldemar Coutts, Director of Environment and Maritime Affairs at the MFA, noted the importance of supporting environmental democracy and climate justice. Flavia Liberona, Director of Fundación Terram, maintained that public policies in Chile urgently need to tackle the challenges of climate change and the extractivist economic model, integrating both local demands and international obligations.

From 31 May to 3 June 2016, the Exhibition was shown at the National Congress of Chile in Valparaíso, supported by Deputy Vlado Mirosevic and Senator Antonio Horvath.

The Exhibition highlights various impacts of environmental degradation and the growing scarcity of natural resources: as a threat to human security and economic and political stability, as a cause of tensions and conflicts between social and political groups, and as a cause of violent conflicts. It also explores ways and means for environmental cooperation to serve as an instrument of conflict prevention and peacebuilding.

A press release on the event at the MFA is available on the webpage of Fundación Terram. To read more about the Exhibition at the Congress, please visit the website of the Chilean Chamber of Deputies (both in Spanish).

Natasha Vizcarra, Global Landscapes Forum

Now in its second decade, the ambitious African Union–led restoration initiative known as the Great Green Wall has brought close to 18 million hectares of land under restoration since 2007, according to a status report unveiled by the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) at a virtual meeting on Monday, 7 September.

Adaptation & Resilience
Global Issues
Anne Hammill, IISD

Though focused on climate change, National Adaptation Plans offer important assessments of the risks a country faces and can be valuable in devising comprehensive pandemic response strategies.

Water
Global Issues
Raquel Munayer, adelphi

As part of this year’s online World Water Week at Home, adelphi and IHE Delft convened the workshop "Water diplomacy: a tool for climate action?". The workshop reflected on the role that foreign policy can play in mitigating, solving and potentially preventing conflicts over the management of transboundary water resources, especially in a changing climate.

Forests
South America
Adriana E. Abdenur, Igarapé Institute

The Cerrado, a tropical savannah region located in Central Brazil, is nearly half as large as the Amazon and a deforestation hotspot. Yet little attention is paid to this important biome. That has to change.