Climate Change
Finance
Europe
Global Issues
Husna Rizvi, Climate Home
Air pollution in Kathmandu pushes population to wear masks. Nepal is one of the LDCs in need of finance support to tackle its climate challenges | Photo credit: Sabin Basnet/Unsplash

The EU favours middle-income countries with its climate aid program, according to analysis by a coalition of development agencies. The Act Alliance is calling on the EU to direct more climate finance to the most vulnerable, after finding Turkey and Ukraine were the biggest beneficiaries.

In a report released in April 2018, the Act Alliance called on the EU to revise its climate finance strategy after finding EU institutions channeled 78% of their funding to middle income countries. Vulnerable least developed countries (LDC) received just 19%. Bangladesh is the only LDC among the top ten recipients of EU climate aid, receiving an annual average of €74 million ($91m) compared with Turkey’s €667m ($816m) annual package. Turkey and Ukraine, who both neighbour the EU, are the two biggest beneficiaries. Act Alliance spokesman Mattias Söderberg said: “There’s a lot of political will to tie Turkey and the EU together; this cooperation means a flow of funds to the region. It’s very unfortunate because the funds are needed most in the poorer countries, but they’re just not getting there as much.”

The study compiled climate finance accounts from the European Commission, development banks and member states. It found funding was mostly allocated to projects aimed at mitigating and reducing high emissions activities, as opposed to building resilience in poorer regions vulnerable to climate change, which are already experiencing sea level rises and food insecurity. “If we don’t invest in adaptation in the places that need it, we will have more problems in the future. Climate change is a major driver of conflict and major catastrophes, this is highly likely to cause migration as a result of displacement,” said Söderberg. “Possibilities for development are at risk if we don’t invest in the right places now.”

The EU and other developed countries have promised to collectively mobilise $100 billion of climate aid each year by 2020. A spokesperson for the Commission emphasised the EU and member states are collectively the biggest donor of both development aid and climate finance worldwide. Turkey is not eligible for development aid but receives funds to prepare for potentially joining the EU, they said, adding it was misleading to compare different activities and funding mechanisms. “EU multilateral climate funding is not earmarked to any particular country and the operational entities take their decisions independently, based on their programming and demand from the host country,” the spokesperson said.

The Act report says funds need to increase steadily to meet the 2020 target. Over 40% of EU climate aid is delivered as loans, which means that developing countries must repay the support that they receive. There is some debate as to whether loans should count as overseas assistance, given the EU’s historic responsibility for causing climate change. Söderberg said a loans-based funding model could undermine EU alliances with African states for upcoming climate talks in Bonn and Katowice. “It is really important that EU institutions develop clear-cut accounting rules,” he said. “They must be able to guarantee stable finance flows to the region to build trust with those nations in the coming talks. Currently, there is no agreement.”

Transparency of climate finance is a key issue at UN climate talks, as countries aim to agree a rulebook for implementing the Paris Agreement by the end of 2018. Interim talks start in Bonn, Germany next week.

 

[This article originally appeared on climatechangenews.com]

Source:
Climate Home

Moeen Khan, Pakistan Today

Pakistan’s unprecedented climate shocks make it clear: regional cooperation for managing shared waters is desperately needed. To halt the increasing impacts on agriculture and livelihoods that cripple the country’s economy, diplomacy is of paramount importance. In our interview, Moeen Khan explains how territorial and ethnic tensions with India hinder much-needed transboundary solutions – and how the international community can help.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Conflict Transformation
Land & Food
Water
Global Issues
Compiled by Raquel Munayer and Stella Schaller, adelphi

What exactly triggers food riots? At which point does climate change come in? And what can we learn from analyzing the lack and impotence of government action in conflict areas? In our Editor’s Pick, we share 10 case studies from the interactive ECC Factbook that address the connections between food, the environment and conflict. They show how agriculture and rural livelihoods can affect stability in a country, which parties are involved in food conflicts and what possible solutions are on the table.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Forests
Security
South America
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Instituto Igarapé

Environmental defenders in Brazil are at risk — last year, 57 were assassinated and the numbers are increasing. The UN has launched a new initiative to address the escalating violence. This article shows the challenges faced by an activist from the Amazon region who fights for justice, and it notes how the Brazilian government can save lives while preventing unregulated exploitation in the region.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Energy
North America
Paul Joffe
Changes are occurring that could make climate action a driver of the domestic agenda for economic and social progress and for international cooperation. With the help of market forces and technological advances, the tide is moving toward climate action. Paul Joffe argues that a key to success is a strategy that draws public support and makes climate policy a force in a larger industrial renaissance.