Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Water
Global Issues
Sabine Blumstein, adelphi

The Nile River is shared by 11 countries, for which it is vital for food and energy production, freshwater, and as a means of transportation. Sharing the resources of the Nile has, however, been politically difficult. Recently, the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam has caused a major dispute with downstream Egypt which fears the dam will affect water flow in its own territory.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Development
Early Warning & Risk Analysis
Finance
Sub-Saharan Africa
Global Issues
Pradeep Kurukulasuriya
With climate change likely intensifying the effects of this year's El Niño, many parts of the world are experiencing longer droughts, more frequent floods and increasingly violent storms. This can have a devastating effect on poor and vulnerable households, underlying the critical role that climate adaptation efforts play in sustaining livelihoods. Ethiopia is facing its worst drought in 50 years. Two successive rainy seasons have failed, leaving up to ten million people in need of aid. As of May 2016, humanitarian funding requirements have increased to more than US$1.5 billion.
Adaptation & Resilience
Capacity Building
Climate Change
Finance
Private Sector
Sub-Saharan Africa
Clare Shakya, Guest Writers

Approaches developed in Mali, Senegal, Kenya and Tanzania offer insights for building resilience in areas facing risks of climate change, disasters and conflict.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Conflict Transformation
Sub-Saharan Africa
Shreya Mitra, International Alert

Earlier this month, armed clashes between competing factions of South Sudan’s government broke out in the capital Juba, a day after the nation’s fifth anniversary of its independence. The conflict dates back to political events and factional fighting that first emerged in 2013.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Land & Food
Sub-Saharan Africa
Middle East & North Africa
Baraka Rateng’
A deal aimed to double agricultural production and end hunger in Africa has underestimated the impact climate change will have on the continent’s food production, a report has found.
Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Minerals & Mining
Sustainable Transformation
Asia
Dhanasree Jayaram

India is all set to embark on exploration and other developmental activities pertaining to polymetallic sulphides in the Indian Ocean after a cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Modi approved the signing of a contract between the Minister of Earth Sciences and the International Seabed Authority (ISA), that formalises India’s exclusive rights for exploration in the Central Indian Ridge, and South West Indian Ridge in the Indian Ocean for 15 years. India is not the only country that is actively tapping into the resources of the region, or is attempting to do so. China, South Korea and Germany have also been granted permission to prospect for polymetallic nodules and sulphides, increasing the potential for competition in the region.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Environment & Migration
Global Issues
Dennis Tänzler, adelphi

The landmark decision on a new climate agreement in Paris in December 2015 is a major step in preventing dangerous climate change.

Adaptation & Resilience
Cities
Climate Change
Early Warning & Risk Analysis
North America
Cynthia Rosenzweig and William Solecki, Guest Writers

We live in an urbanizing world. Up to two-thirds of the world’s population – some six billion people – may live in cities by 2050.

Cities have emerged as first responders to climate change because they experience the impacts of natural disasters firsthand and because they produce up to 70 percent of greenhouse gas emissions.

Adaptation & Resilience
Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Development
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Global Issues
Asia
Andrew Taber, New Security Beat
Chichaucancha1

Over the past decade, the number of undernourished people around the world has declined by around 167 million, to just under 800 million people. However, this positive trend glosses over a stark reality: Food insecurity is increasing in the world’s mountains. This pattern has been under-recognized by development experts and governments, a dangerous oversight with far-reaching social and environmental repercussions.

Adaptation & Resilience
Capacity Building
Climate Change
Conflict Transformation
Sub-Saharan Africa
Jonathan Rozen and Gustavo de Carvalho (ISS Africa), Guest Writers

Wrapped in a purple boubou (robe), Salou Moussa Maïga, 60, sits with his hands clasped between his knees and explains how climate change has fuelled violent conflict in Ansongo, Mali. As the president of a farming cooperative, he knows the cost of drought all too well. ‘The rain period has decreased considerably from years ago … we don’t have grass anymore,’ he told ISS Today. ‘Everything is naked.’

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