Sub-Saharan Africa
Adrian Foong, Benjamin Pohl and Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi)
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In Sudan, the term ‘climate war’ has often been used to draw a direct causal link between climate change and conflict. In reality, these conflicts are far more complex, which can be traced back to a history of regional marginalisation, ethno-occupational tensions, and failures in governance.

Conflict Transformation
Global Issues
Michael Keating (EIP), Julie Raasteen (EIP) and Oli Brown (Chatham House)

This paper is the result of a series of structured interviews with more than a dozen senior envoys, peace process facilitators and conflict resolution experts from the EU, UN, governments, and civil society conducted between May and June 2020. It presents a cross-section of experience, lessons learned and expectations about what the future holds for practitioners in trying to bring peace in a climate-changed world.

Catherine Wong (UNDP)
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This policy brief provides a typology and analysis of climate-related security risks in the first round of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

Lead Editors: Alexander Carius (adelphi), Noah Gordon (adelphi), and Lauren Risi (Wilson Center)

For too long, foreign policymakers have largely left climate issues to energy or environment ministries. A new essay series by adelphi and the Wilson Center seeks to change that.

Catherine Wong and Nika Saeedi (United Nations Development Programme, UNDP)
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This policy brief explores initial lessons learnt from a climate security perspective of efforts to prevent violent extremism in politically and environmentally fragile contexts affected by climate change.

Nisha Pandey (Shodh Nepal), Lukas Rüttinger and Susanne Wolfmaier (adelphi)
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Although Nepal’s overall security situation has improved considerably and is stable, important underlying drivers and structural causes of conflict still exist. Climate change accentuates Nepal’s economic and political vulnerabilities. Climate impacts can act as a stressor on existing drivers and structural causes of conflict, adding an additional layer of risk to Nepal’s resilience.

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The 2020 Berlin Climate and Security Conference (BCSC) proved an important space for international organisations, the scientific community, the private sector and civil society to convene, discuss how climate change is affecting peace and security, and to explore the concrete actions to address climate-security risks.

Beatrice Mosello, Adrian Foong, Christian König, Susanne Wolfmaier and Emily Wright (adelphi)
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The COVID-19 pandemic has profound global impacts. While all countries have been affected, the pandemic is hitting those that were already struggling with poverty, conflict and the impacts of climate change especially hard. This report seeks to explore these dynamics.

Climate Diplomacy
Global Issues
Stella Schaller, Katarina Schulz and Beatrice Mosello (adelphi)
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This manual is a compilation of introductory texts and the most relevant reports in the field of climate change and security. It covers the issue of how climate change converges with other global pressures to exacerbate global security challenges and intensify instability in fragile societies. It also discusses entry points to alleviate climate security pressures, and features interactive tools to help you understand the manifold findings on the subject and potential solutions.

Climate Change
Global Issues
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
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The United in Science 2020 report has been compiled by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) under the direction of the UN Secretary-General to bring together the latest climate science-related updates from a group of key global partner organisations.