Energy
Minerals & Mining
Sustainable Transformation
Technology & Innovation
Sub-Saharan Africa
Europe
Global Issues
Sijbren de Jong, Willem L. Auping, Willem Th. Oosterveld, Artur Usanov, Mercedes Abdalla, Alice van de Bovenkamp, and Christopher Frattina della Frattina
Quick Access
HCSS (2017) Geopolitical Impact Climate Mitigation

At the Paris Climate Conference held in December 2015, 195 countries adopted the Paris Agreement – the first universal, legally binding global climate deal. The signatory parties committed themselves to a global action plan that aims to keep global warming to well below 2°C and to limit the global temperature increase to 1.5°C.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Security
Global Issues
Lukas Rüttinger, adelphi
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Insurgency Non State Armed Groups Terrorism Climate Change

Over the past ten years, both our understanding and awareness of the links between climate change and security have increased tremendously. Today the UN, the EU, the G7 and an increasing number of states have classified climate change as a threat to global and/or national security. However, the links between climate change, conflict and fragility are not simple and linear. The increasing impacts of climate change do not automatically lead to more fragility and conflict. Rather, climate change acts as a threat multiplier.

Adrien Detges, adelphi
Quick Access
CD Report_Quant_170405 Adrien Detges

In recent years, a growing number of studies have appeared that analyse the statistical relationship between climate change and violent conflict. Whilst this research offers a comprehensive and systematic assessment of emerging climate-security risks, its results remain ambiguous and are often misinterpreted. This is all the more serious as quantitative evidence dominates current discussions on the security implications of climate change and therefore has a major bearing on policy-making.

Henri Myrttinen
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Myrttinen (2017) The complex ties that bind - gendered agency.png

For the past decade, western public discourse and the policy world have become increasingly concerned about ‘irregular’ migration and, to a slightly lesser extent perhaps, what driving role conflict and climate change play in triggering it. Addressing the causes and effects requires having a better understanding of the impacts that climate change has on multi-dimensional crises and the knock-on effect this has on migration. A key factor in understanding how these processes affect different women, girls, men, boys and other gender identities is gender.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Civil Society
Climate Change
Land & Food
Middle East & North Africa
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
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FAO (2017) Counting the cost - Agriculture in Syria.png

Despite six years of crisis in Syria, agriculture remains a key part of the economy. The sector still accounts for an estimated 26 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and represents a critical safety net for the 6.7 million Syrians – including those internally displaced - who still remain in rural areas. However, agriculture and the livelihoods that depend on it have suffered massive loss. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has now conducted the first comprehensive nationwide assessment on the cost of the war to the agriculture sector.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Global Issues
Mission 2020
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2020 Climate Turning Point Cover

When it comes to climate, timing is everything – It is the aim of Mission 2020 to keep the world on track to meet the climate targets that 194 countries agreed on at the COP 21 in Paris: limiting global warming to well below 2°C and pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5 °C. Bending the global GHG emission curve by 2020 and entering a phase of emission decrease is crucial for reaching this goal.

Michael Werz and Benjamin Pohl
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Supporting Global Food Security in a Changing Climate Through Transatlantic Cooperation WERZ POHL

Policy communities in the United States and Europe are increasingly identifying climate change, environmental deterioration, water management, and food security as key concerns for development and global governance. The interplay of these trends is visible in the upheavals across the Middle East, with food riots and water disputes illuminating the region’s food insecurity.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Security
Europe
Gerald Stang and Tylor Dimsdale
Policy Brief
The EU and Climate Security

Based on the outcomes of the Planetary Security Conference 2016, the Planetary Security Initiative has published this 6-page policy brief outlining what the EU could do to strengthen its climate diplomacy.

Camilla Born
Policy Brief

Climate change is increasingly viewed as the world’s greatest global security risk. However, the UN Security Council (UNSC) has not consistently or systematically addressed climate-related security risks. In practice, the UNSC has predominantly focused on crisis management and hard security interventions but more recently the demand for investment in conflict prevention has grown rapidly. Supported by the confidence in global action on climate change generated by the Paris Agreement, there is a window of opportunity for the UNSC to take action on climate security. That is, the management of the direct and indirect consequences of inadequate or mismanaged climate mitigation and adaptation.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Land & Food
Security
Global Issues
Emma Simmons, Center for Strategic and International Studies
Books and Studies

Changes in global weather patterns are now projected to have potentially devastating impacts on agriculture in the coming years and decades. The rising “double burden” of malnutrition already threatens to dampen global progress toward better health. Demographic change—a bulging population of youth in Africa and rapid urbanization—is creating opportunities for an economic growth spurt that will affect food demand and organized protests when food security is endangered.

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