Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Environment & Migration
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Global Issues
Beatrice Mosello (adelphi) and Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi)
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Evidence from existing programs shows that climate change adaptation interventions can contribute to peacebuilding, and peacebuilding can have significant adaptation benefits.

There is growing scientific consensus that climate change and conflict are linked and that climate change poses complex risks to building and sustaining peace. Emerging findings from development programming confirm this. A number of contextual factors such as livelihood and food security, natural resources governance, state legitimacy and effectiveness, migration, social cohesion and marginalisation are decisive in shaping these climate-fragility risks.

This Research Paper makes a first attempt at highlighting best practices and learnings from existing peacebuilding and climate change adaptation programs. It is based on evaluations of past projects and emerging lessons from ongoing projects, including USAID’s and Mercy Corps’ work in the Horn of Africa, the GIZ in the Philippines, the UK-funded “Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters” (BRACED), and the EC- funded UNEP climate change and security project in Sudan and Nepal. Based on this analysis, it makes some recommendations to advance future integrated programming in this field.

Download the Research Paper here.


Related publications:

Pathways to Peace: Addressing conflict & strengthening stability in a changing climate

This report assesses how peacebuilding programming can produce adaptation benefits, so that interventions help reducing intercommunal conflict while strengthening resilience to shocks.

The Climate Change-Conflict Connection - The Current State of Knowledge

This research paper takes stock of what we know about the links between climate change, fragility and conflict, summarising evidence from research and practice over the last 25 years.

Guidelines for conflict-sensitive adaptation to climate change

These guidelines outline how to design and implement an adaptation project in a fragile or conflict-affected context. It provides tools and methods to ensure that an adaptation project does not exacerbate tensions and, ideally, contributes to peace and stability.

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