The report “New dots on the security horizon” analyses the top threats to EU security identified by the Clingendael Expert Pool that brings together over 200 experts on five selected fields (climate change, CBRN, free trade, migration and terrorism). It summarizes the results of an online survey that was conducted in order to identify and compile a shortlist of upcoming and new threats.
The Clingendael Expert Survey scans, validates and prioritises novel threats that are not yet part of our common understanding. These may include completely new problems (such as a funding gap in the IAEA) but also known developments that are not sufficiently recognised. The results are used by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Defence in the Netherlands.