Beatrice Mosello and Janani Vivekananda, adelphi

This report assesses how peacebuilding programming can produce adaptation benefits, so that interventions simultaneously contribute to reduced intercommunal conflict and strengthened resilience to shocks. It draws on the evaluations of programs that included peacebuilding and climate change adaptation to synthesize lessons learned, develop and test a theory of change, and offer recommendations integrating approaches that consider and address compound climate-fragility risks.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Development
Environment & Migration
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Global Issues
Beatrice Mosello (adelphi) and Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi)
Quick Access

Evidence from existing programs shows that climate change adaptation interventions can contribute to peacebuilding, and peacebuilding can have significant adaptation benefits.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
Middle East & North Africa
Oli Brown (Climate Security Expert Network)
Quick Access

Africa in general, and the Sahel in particular, is often identified as the region where climate change is most likely to undermine security and trigger violent conflict. This is a function of the region’s history of violent conflict and its perceived vulnerability to climate change.

Climate Change
Conflict Transformation
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
BRACED
Quick Access

Rather than acting as direct drivers of conflict, climate change and variability are seen as intermediary sources of risk, or ‘threat multipliers’. This is because they interact with existing socioeconomic and environmental conditions to increase livelihood insecurity and the probability of conflict in certain situations. In this light, this report explores the complex and tangled links between climate variability and change and the proliferation of armed networks operating in northern Niger.

Adaptation & Resilience
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Central America & Caribbean
Middle East & North Africa
Oceania & Pacific
Asia
Nikolas Scherer and Dennis Tänzler (adelphi)
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The so-called Vulnerable Twenty (V20) Group was established in October 2015 with the inaugural meeting of the V20 Ministers of Finance at the Climate Vulnerable Forum in Lima, Peru. The V20 can be considered as an example of the importance of early action in the field of adaptation in order to initiate a transformative change towards resilient societies.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Diplomacy
Forests
Security
South America
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Instituto Igarapé
Quick Access

In order to help address escalating violence, UN Environment has launched the UN Initiative for Environmental Defenders. This brief analyses the initiative and looks into how member states can support peace by engaging in environmental diplomacy, with a focus on Brazil.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Environment & Migration
Land & Food
Security
Water
Sub-Saharan Africa
Janani Vivekananda, adelphi

Lake Chad is a geophysical and ecological miracle. Situated in the arid Sahel region, two large rivers create an oasis in an otherwise water scarce region. But today, the Lake Chad region is best known for armed conflict, Boko Haram and one of the world’s largest humanitarian crises. According to Janani Vivekananda, Senior Adviser for Climate Change and Peacebuilding at adelphi, climate change plays a very real role in exacerbating and prolonging the crisis.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Conflict Transformation
Development
Early Warning & Risk Analysis
Environment & Migration
Land & Food
Security
Water
Sub-Saharan Africa
Janani Vivekananda and Camilla Born, adelphi

In this report, the Expert Working Group on Climate-Related Security Risks provides a climate-related security risk assessment and options for climate risk management strategies in the Lake Chad region.

Adaptation & Resilience
Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Early Warning & Risk Analysis
Environment & Migration
Land & Food
Security
Water
Sub-Saharan Africa
Chitra Nagarajan, Benjamin Pohl, Lukas Rüttinger, Florence Sylvestre, Janani Vivekananda, Martin Wall, Susanne Wolfmaier (adelphi)

This Climate-Fragility profile is envisaged as a first component of a Climate-Fragility Risk Assessment process. It summarizes the key challenges the Lake Chad region is experiencing as a consequence of the interplay between climate change and fragility.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Early Warning & Risk Analysis
Environment & Migration
Land & Food
Water
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Central America & Caribbean
Asia
World Bank
Books and Studies

Internal climate migrants are rapidly becoming the human face of climate change. According to this new World Bank report, without urgent global and national climate action, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America could see more than 140 million people move within their countries’ borders by 2050.

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