Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Development
Environment & Migration
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Global Issues
Beatrice Mosello (adelphi) and Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi)
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Evidence from existing programs shows that climate change adaptation interventions can contribute to peacebuilding, and peacebuilding can have significant adaptation benefits.

Beatrice Mosello (adelphi), Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi) and Liesa Sauerhammer
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This Research Paper takes stock of what we currently know about the links between climate change, fragility and conflict, summarizing evidence from research and practice over the last 25 years.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Security
Asia
Dhanasree Jayaram (Manipal Academy of Higher Education/Climate Security Expert Network)
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South Asia is one of the world’s most climate-vulnerable regions. Many countries in the region lack the resources and capacities needed to cope with the worsening impacts of climate change. At the same time, climate change is increasingly interacting with socio-economic, demographic and political factors to exacerbate fragility risks.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Security
Oceania & Pacific
Coral Pasisi (Sustainable Pacific Consultancy/Climate Security Expert Network)
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Climate change is the single greatest threat to the livelihood, security and well-being of Pacific Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The threat is increasing at a time when the region is already facing complex geopolitical dynamics and multifaceted security risks.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Security
Middle East & North Africa
Milen Yishak (Climate Security Expert Network)
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Ethiopia is a key security player in the Horn of Africa: while the country can act as an important catalyst for peace, it can also be a significant source of instability if conflict risks and climate resiliency are not managed proactively.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Security
Asia
Oli Brown (Climate Security Expert Network/Chatham House)
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For the past four decades, Afghanistan has suffered from the devastating impacts of constant armed conflict. Conflicts have increased Afghanistan’s already high vulnerability to climate change, the impacts of which may, in turn, help to create the conditions for continued violence.

Climate Change
Security
Global Issues
Climate Security Expert Network

This overview explains why climate change is a matter of concern for international peace and security and how the UN system should deal with climate-related security risks. It poses and answers seven questions.

Climate Change
Security
Global Issues
Caitlin Werrell and Francesco Femia, The Center for Climate and Security
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With the rapid rate of climate change and its likely implications for global security, the current world order will have to adapt – and adapt quickly. The difference between today and major global disruptions of the past is that though the risks are unprecedented, our foresight is unprecedented as well. This lays the foundation for a Responsibility to Prepare and Prevent (R2P2), a framework for managing the climate-security risks, which this report seeks to address.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Finance
Global Issues
Climate Transparency
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The Brown to Green Report 2019 is the world’s most comprehensive review of G20 climate action. It provides concise and comparable information on G20 country mitigation action, finance and adaptation.

adelphi, UN Environment and the European Union

To date, responses to climate change have failed to address the full range of knock-on effects. Most climate change programmes do not address conflict and ignore future conflict impacts. Most peacebuilding programmes do not take climate risks into account. As a result, development organizations frequently design separate programmes for climate change adaptation and peacebuilding, sometimes with conflicting objectives. This toolbox provides you with a number of tools and exercises, and offers further reading on selected topics.

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