Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Security
Global Issues
International Military Council on Climate and Security (IMCCS)
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The Expert Group of the International Military Council on Climate and Security (IMCCS) released its inaugural “World Climate and Security Report 2020” at the Munich Security Conference (MSC), the annual and influential gathering of senior international security and military leaders.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Environment & Migration
Security
Global Issues
German Federal Foreign Office
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Climate change is not only one of the greatest global challenges, but also gives the German Federal Foreign Office the opportunity in the area of foreign policy to support other countries and international organisations in dealing with the impact of climate change and in the transformation towards a climate-neutral economy.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
Middle East & North Africa
Oli Brown (Climate Security Expert Network)
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Africa in general, and the Sahel in particular, is often identified as the region where climate change is most likely to undermine security and trigger violent conflict. This is a function of the region’s history of violent conflict and its perceived vulnerability to climate change.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Security
Asia
Dhanasree Jayaram (Manipal Academy of Higher Education/Climate Security Expert Network)
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South Asia is one of the world’s most climate-vulnerable regions. Many countries in the region lack the resources and capacities needed to cope with the worsening impacts of climate change. At the same time, climate change is increasingly interacting with socio-economic, demographic and political factors to exacerbate fragility risks.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Security
Oceania & Pacific
Coral Pasisi (Sustainable Pacific Consultancy/Climate Security Expert Network)
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Climate change is the single greatest threat to the livelihood, security and well-being of Pacific Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The threat is increasing at a time when the region is already facing complex geopolitical dynamics and multifaceted security risks.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Security
Middle East & North Africa
Milen Yishak (Climate Security Expert Network)
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Ethiopia is a key security player in the Horn of Africa: while the country can act as an important catalyst for peace, it can also be a significant source of instability if conflict risks and climate resiliency are not managed proactively.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Security
Asia
Oli Brown (Climate Security Expert Network/Chatham House)
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For the past four decades, Afghanistan has suffered from the devastating impacts of constant armed conflict. Conflicts have increased Afghanistan’s already high vulnerability to climate change, the impacts of which may, in turn, help to create the conditions for continued violence.

Dennis Tänzler (adelphi), Sebastian Oberthür (VUB-IES) and Emily Wright (adelphi)

Based on the findings from the report "Geopolitics of Decarbonisation" this policy brief focuses on six fossil-fuel exporting countries – Azerbaijan, Canada, Colombia, Indonesia, Nigeria and Qatar – where fossil fuels have played an important role in external relations with the EU and analyses how they may be affected by the decarbonisation of Europe.

Climate Diplomacy
Sustainable Transformation
Global Issues
Daria Ivleva and Dennis Tänzler, adelphi

An increasing number of scholars and analysts point out that the necessary decarbonisation of the global economy will impact international affairs and geopolitics. But do we agree on what geopolitics of decarbonisation is (not)? This paper draws on the literature on both geopolitics and decarbonisation to help structure the discussion and identify pertinent questions about future trends.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Finance
Global Issues
Climate Transparency
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The Brown to Green Report 2019 is the world’s most comprehensive review of G20 climate action. It provides concise and comparable information on G20 country mitigation action, finance and adaptation.

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