Oli Brown, Anne Le More and Julie Raasteen
CSEN Policy Paper: Europe and Climate Security - Is Europe Delivering on its Rhetoric?

Over the past 15 years, climate-related risks to peace and stability have risen fast up the European agenda. This report explores the extent to which this policy focus has influenced the international agenda and the degree to which it has translated into improved European responses to the causes and consequences of insecurity in fragile states, proposing three areas of action.

Security
South America
Central America & Caribbean
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Igarapé Institute, and Lukas Rüttinger, adelphi
Policy Brief

State fragility, often related to the expansion of organised crime and human rights violations, has contributed towards elevated rates of violence across Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Additionally, high inequality is shaping how climate affects security in the region, raising new issues about climate justice and climate-related migration. In short, climate change acts as a risk multiplier in LAC, exacerbating existing conflict and fragility dynamics.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Development
Environment & Migration
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Global Issues
Beatrice Mosello (adelphi) and Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi)
Quick Access

Evidence from existing programs shows that climate change adaptation interventions can contribute to peacebuilding, and peacebuilding can have significant adaptation benefits.

Climate Change
Land & Food
Security
Europe
Oxford Research Group

This primer explains the current situation concerning the United Kingdom’s food supply and how this is likely to change in the medium and long term as a result of climate change. It discusses likely threats to UK food security emerging from a range of potential warming scenarios and the current policy debate on how to address them effectively.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Diplomacy
Forests
Security
South America
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Instituto Igarapé
Quick Access

In order to help address escalating violence, UN Environment has launched the UN Initiative for Environmental Defenders. This brief analyses the initiative and looks into how member states can support peace by engaging in environmental diplomacy, with a focus on Brazil.

Niklas Bremberg, Uppsala University

This SIPRI Insights presents a concise analysis of how three regional intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) in Europe with a security mandate — EU, OSCE and NATO — are responding to climate-related security risks. Together, these three IGOs are the main Europe-based regional organizations involved in European and international security.

European Commission
Documents
Joint Communication EU Resilience Strategy
The European Union presented its new strategy for resilience building, aiming to move from crisis containment to a more structural and long-term approach to global challenges. It puts a particular emphasis on anticipation, prevention and preparedness.
Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Security
Europe
Gerald Stang and Tylor Dimsdale
Policy Brief
The EU and Climate Security

Based on the outcomes of the Planetary Security Conference 2016, the Planetary Security Initiative has published this 6-page policy brief outlining what the EU could do to strengthen its climate diplomacy.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Energy
Security
Sustainable Transformation
Europe
Luca Bergamaschi, Nick Mabey, Jonathan Gaventa and Camilla Born
Books and Studies

In this report, Luca Bergamaschi, Nick Mabey, Jonathan Gaventa and Camilla Born from E3G explore practical actions that EU foreign policy institutions could undertake to manage climate risk and an orderly global transition. Read on for a summary of the report here.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Early Warning & Risk Analysis
Finance
Security
Europe
Stephan Wolters, Dennis Tänzler, Gerald Stang and Teresa Ribera
Policy Brief

Given the transversal, and universal, nature of the climate challenge, what priorities should shape foreign policy action on climate issues in the decade ahead? What should be the focus of European climate diplomacy? The European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), the l'Institute du développement durable et des relations internationales (IDDRI) and adelphi organized a meeting of senior experts and practitioners to review and build on the outcomes of COP21. The discussions revealed important ideas for using European foreign policy tools to address climate mitigation, adaptation, and finance, for responding to climate-related security and migration risks, and for improving EU climate diplomacy.