Nisha Pandey (Shodh Nepal), Lukas Rüttinger and Susanne Wolfmaier (adelphi)
Quick Access

Although Nepal’s overall security situation has improved considerably and is stable, important underlying drivers and structural causes of conflict still exist. Climate change accentuates Nepal’s economic and political vulnerabilities. Climate impacts can act as a stressor on existing drivers and structural causes of conflict, adding an additional layer of risk to Nepal’s resilience.

International Military Council on Climate and Security (IMCCS)
Quick Access

The International Military Council on Climate and Security (IMCCS) has released a new report urging leaders to make climate change a “security priority” in the Indo-Asia Pacific region.

Security
South America
Central America & Caribbean
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Igarapé Institute, and Lukas Rüttinger, adelphi
Policy Brief

State fragility, often related to the expansion of organised crime and human rights violations, has contributed towards elevated rates of violence across Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Additionally, high inequality is shaping how climate affects security in the region, raising new issues about climate justice and climate-related migration. In short, climate change acts as a risk multiplier in LAC, exacerbating existing conflict and fragility dynamics.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Conflict Transformation
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
Global Issues
Asia
Adam Day and Jessica Caus, United Nations University Centre for Policy Research (UNU-CPR)
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Today’s violent conflicts are proving deadlier and more difficult to resolve than ever before. In addition, there is a growing recognition of the role of climate change in exacerbating conflict risks. In light of these, a new report by UNU-CPR aims to support the UN and its partners in developing climate-sensitive conflict prevention approaches.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Development
Environment & Migration
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Global Issues
Beatrice Mosello (adelphi) and Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi)
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Evidence from existing programs shows that climate change adaptation interventions can contribute to peacebuilding, and peacebuilding can have significant adaptation benefits.

Dhanasree Jayaram, Manipal Academy of Higher Education/Climate Security Expert Network
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South Asia is one of the world’s most climate-vulnerable regions. Many countries in the region lack the resources and capacities needed to cope with the worsening impacts of climate change. At the same time, climate change is increasingly interacting with socio-economic, demographic and political factors to exacerbate fragility risks.

Oli Brown, Climate Security Expert Network/Chatham House
Quick Access

For the past four decades, Afghanistan has suffered from the devastating impacts of constant armed conflict. Conflicts have increased Afghanistan’s already high vulnerability to climate change, the impacts of which may, in turn, help to create the conditions for continued violence.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Diplomacy
Forests
Security
South America
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Instituto Igarapé
Quick Access

In order to help address escalating violence, UN Environment has launched the UN Initiative for Environmental Defenders. This brief analyses the initiative and looks into how member states can support peace by engaging in environmental diplomacy, with a focus on Brazil.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Development
Security
Asia
Norwegian Institute of International Affairs & Myanmar Institute of Strategic and International Studies

According to the Global Climate Risk Index, four of the world’s ten countries most affected by climate change are located in Southeast Asia: Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. This study examines the implications of climate change and climate policy for international affairs in Southeast Asia and for ASEAN as a multilateral organization.

Adaptation & Resilience
Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Cities
Climate Change
Early Warning & Risk Analysis
Environment & Migration
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
Global Issues
Asia
Janani Vivekananda and Neil Bhatiya
Policy Brief

Cities are on the sharp end of a range of risks from criminal violence, terrorism and war to demographic pressures, to climate and environmental change. Coastal megacities are especially at risk given the specific impacts of climate change they face, including accelerated global sea-level rise, increased storm frequency and severity, and destruction to critical infrastructure such as port facilities, rail and road linkages, and energy installations, all of which are amplified as urban populations become ever larger.

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