Security
South America
Central America & Caribbean
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Igarapé Institute, and Lukas Rüttinger, adelphi
Policy Brief

State fragility, often related to the expansion of organised crime and human rights violations, has contributed towards elevated rates of violence across Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Additionally, high inequality is shaping how climate affects security in the region, raising new issues about climate justice and climate-related migration. In short, climate change acts as a risk multiplier in LAC, exacerbating existing conflict and fragility dynamics.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Development
Environment & Migration
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Global Issues
Beatrice Mosello (adelphi) and Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi)
Quick Access

Evidence from existing programs shows that climate change adaptation interventions can contribute to peacebuilding, and peacebuilding can have significant adaptation benefits.

Security
Middle East & North Africa
Oli Brown, Climate Security Expert Network/Chatham House
Policy Brief

Africa in general, and the Sahel in particular, is often identified as the region where climate change is most likely to undermine security and trigger violent conflict. This is a function of the region’s history of violent conflict and its perceived vulnerability to climate change.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Diplomacy
Forests
Security
South America
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Instituto Igarapé
Quick Access

In order to help address escalating violence, UN Environment has launched the UN Initiative for Environmental Defenders. This brief analyses the initiative and looks into how member states can support peace by engaging in environmental diplomacy, with a focus on Brazil.

Climate Diplomacy
Security
Water
Middle East & North Africa
Quick Access

Water conflict and cooperation surrounding riparian countries among the Jordan River has been one of the most contentious issues in the Middle East, at times leading to the use of military force. While there are many studies analyzing current water contention over the lower part of the Jordan River, there is a gap in a comprehensive analysis of factors affecting various cooperation taking place within the basin, linking analysis to future potential areas of cooperation. This report is the result of a research project aimed at filling this gap.

Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Security
Water
Middle East & North Africa
Gidon Bromberg and Giulia Giordano, EcoPeace Middle East

This policy brief analyses the challenges and potentials for cooperation among Middle Eastern countries through water governance. It takes the perspective of water insecurity as an instability multiplier, bringing the matter of water distribution and use to the center of the Middle Eastern conflict.

Land & Food
Security
Water
Middle East & North Africa
NATO Parliamentary Assembly
Documents

The NATO Parliamentary Assemblies’ Science and Technology Committee drafted a new report on Food and Water Security in the Middle East and North Africa. The report underlines that pressures on natural resources and connected impacts on food production are factors that contribute to the (in-) security of the MENA region. The document summarizes causes as well as possible technical and governance approaches to improve food and water security in the region. The initiative shows that the role of environmental resources is increasingly taken seriously in the sphere of security policy. The Science and Technology Committee will discuss the draft and recommendations to NATO countries at the Spring Session in Tbilisi from 27-29 May.

 

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Security
Water
Middle East & North Africa
Mohamed Behnassi and Katriona McGlade (eds.)
Books and Studies

This volume brings together insights on the interactions between environmental change and human security in the Middle East and Africa. These regions face particular challenges in relation to environmental degradation, the decline of natural resources and consequent risks to current and future human security.