Oli Brown, Anne Le More and Julie Raasteen
CSEN Policy Paper: Europe and Climate Security - Is Europe Delivering on its Rhetoric?

Over the past 15 years, climate-related risks to peace and stability have risen fast up the European agenda. This report explores the extent to which this policy focus has influenced the international agenda and the degree to which it has translated into improved European responses to the causes and consequences of insecurity in fragile states, proposing three areas of action.

Security
South America
Central America & Caribbean
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Igarapé Institute, and Lukas Rüttinger, adelphi
Policy Brief

State fragility, often related to the expansion of organised crime and human rights violations, has contributed towards elevated rates of violence across Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Additionally, high inequality is shaping how climate affects security in the region, raising new issues about climate justice and climate-related migration. In short, climate change acts as a risk multiplier in LAC, exacerbating existing conflict and fragility dynamics.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Development
Environment & Migration
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Global Issues
Beatrice Mosello (adelphi) and Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi)
Quick Access

Evidence from existing programs shows that climate change adaptation interventions can contribute to peacebuilding, and peacebuilding can have significant adaptation benefits.

Climate Change
Land & Food
Security
Europe
Oxford Research Group

This primer explains the current situation concerning the United Kingdom’s food supply and how this is likely to change in the medium and long term as a result of climate change. It discusses likely threats to UK food security emerging from a range of potential warming scenarios and the current policy debate on how to address them effectively.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Diplomacy
Forests
Security
South America
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Instituto Igarapé
Quick Access

In order to help address escalating violence, UN Environment has launched the UN Initiative for Environmental Defenders. This brief analyses the initiative and looks into how member states can support peace by engaging in environmental diplomacy, with a focus on Brazil.

Niklas Bremberg, Uppsala University

This SIPRI Insights presents a concise analysis of how three regional intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) in Europe with a security mandate — EU, OSCE and NATO — are responding to climate-related security risks. Together, these three IGOs are the main Europe-based regional organizations involved in European and international security.

European Commission
Documents
Joint Communication EU Resilience Strategy
The European Union presented its new strategy for resilience building, aiming to move from crisis containment to a more structural and long-term approach to global challenges. It puts a particular emphasis on anticipation, prevention and preparedness.
Energy
Minerals & Mining
Sustainable Transformation
Technology & Innovation
Sub-Saharan Africa
Europe
Global Issues
Sijbren de Jong, Willem L. Auping, Willem Th. Oosterveld, Artur Usanov, Mercedes Abdalla, Alice van de Bovenkamp, and Christopher Frattina della Frattina
Quick Access
HCSS (2017) Geopolitical Impact Climate Mitigation

At the Paris Climate Conference held in December 2015, 195 countries adopted the Paris Agreement – the first universal, legally binding global climate deal. The signatory parties committed themselves to a global action plan that aims to keep global warming to well below 2°C and to limit the global temperature increase to 1.5°C.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Security
Europe
Gerald Stang and Tylor Dimsdale
Policy Brief
The EU and Climate Security

Based on the outcomes of the Planetary Security Conference 2016, the Planetary Security Initiative has published this 6-page policy brief outlining what the EU could do to strengthen its climate diplomacy.

Stephen Minas
Policy Brief

The European Union has long played a leadership role in climate diplomacy. One challenging development for future EU climate diplomacy is the centrality of technology in contemporary global interventions to deal with climate change and promote sustainable energy. Challenges and opportunities in this field of action were central to a workshop  hosted by the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) in partnership with the Transnational Law Institute (TLI) of the Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London, and Fondation Jean-Jaurès.

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