Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
Adrian Foong, Benjamin Pohl and Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi)
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In Sudan, the term ‘climate war’ has often been used to draw a direct causal link between climate change and conflict. In reality, these conflicts are far more complex, which can be traced back to a history of regional marginalisation, ethno-occupational tensions, and failures in governance.

Catherine Wong (UNDP)
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This policy brief provides a typology and analysis of climate-related security risks in the first round of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

Catherine Wong and Nika Saeedi (United Nations Development Programme, UNDP)
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This policy brief explores initial lessons learnt from a climate security perspective of efforts to prevent violent extremism in politically and environmentally fragile contexts affected by climate change.

Nisha Pandey (Shodh Nepal), Lukas Rüttinger and Susanne Wolfmaier (adelphi)
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Although Nepal’s overall security situation has improved considerably and is stable, important underlying drivers and structural causes of conflict still exist. Climate change accentuates Nepal’s economic and political vulnerabilities. Climate impacts can act as a stressor on existing drivers and structural causes of conflict, adding an additional layer of risk to Nepal’s resilience.

adelphi
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The 2020 Berlin Climate and Security Conference (BCSC) proved an important space for international organisations, the scientific community, the private sector and civil society to convene, discuss how climate change is affecting peace and security, and to explore the concrete actions to address climate-security risks.

Beatrice Mosello, Adrian Foong, Christian König, Susanne Wolfmaier and Emily Wright (adelphi)
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The COVID-19 pandemic has profound global impacts. While all countries have been affected, the pandemic is hitting those that were already struggling with poverty, conflict and the impacts of climate change especially hard. This report seeks to explore these dynamics.

Climate Change
Security
Global Issues
Dr. Judith Nora Hardt and Alina Viehoff, Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg

This new research report by the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg (IFSH) investigates to what extent the 15 current member states of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) perceive climate change as a threat to their own security and security worldwide and to what extent they integrate the climate change-security nexus – the multiple security threats posed by climate change – into their domestic and foreign policies and their respective positions in the UN.

International Military Council on Climate and Security (IMCCS)
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The International Military Council on Climate and Security (IMCCS) has released a new report urging leaders to make climate change a “security priority” in the Indo-Asia Pacific region.

Christian König and Janani Vivekananda, adelphi
CSEN Briefer_Three pager_How Can UN Organs Respond to Climate-Security Risks?

This CSEN briefer outlines the different sets of tools available to the UN organs for responding to climate-security risks and offers the rationale for implementing these actions in the future. It includes an infographic displaying some of the potential actions the General Assembly, the UNFCCC, the Security Council, and the Economic and Social Council can and should take in order to address climate-security risks.

Janani Vivekananda (adelphi), Adam Day (UNU-CPR) and Susanne Wolfmaier (adelphi)
UNSC Options Paper Cover

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has so far been reluctant to tackle climate change. But as climate-related impacts on security become more apparent, questions of whether the UNSC should address the security implications of climate change become increasingly pertinent. While recognising the limits of UNSC action, this non-paper serves as a backgrounder to examine how climate change and security risks trigger the UNSC’s mandate for action, and what action the Council could take in response.

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