adelphi, UN Environment and the European Union

To date, responses to climate change have failed to address the full range of knock-on effects. Most climate change programmes do not address conflict, while most peacebuilding programmes do not take climate risks into account. As a result, development organizations frequently design separate programmes for climate change adaptation and peacebuilding, sometimes with conflicting objectives. This guidance note supports the development of strategies, policies, and projects that seek to increase resilience by linking climate change adaptation, peacebuilding, and sustainable livelihoods.

Climate Change
Conflict Transformation
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
BRACED
Quick Access

Rather than acting as direct drivers of conflict, climate change and variability are seen as intermediary sources of risk, or ‘threat multipliers’. This is because they interact with existing socioeconomic and environmental conditions to increase livelihood insecurity and the probability of conflict in certain situations. In this light, this report explores the complex and tangled links between climate variability and change and the proliferation of armed networks operating in northern Niger.

Climate Change
Conflict Transformation
Global Issues
Susanne Wolfmaier, Janani Vivekananda and Lukas Rüttinger, adelphi
Exploring the relationship between humanitarian action, conflict, climate and environment has never been more urgent. The humanitarian sector is stretched to the limit. It is struggling to meet the growing demands posed by climate change, the changing nature of conflict, the increasing severity of disasters and the protracted nature of crises. Currently, over 125 million people require humanitarian assistance and over 60 million have been displaced. The prospects for the future show no abatement, with climate change only projected to increase the number and intensity of catastrophes.
Climate Diplomacy
Finance
Sustainable Transformation
Global Issues
Sara Batmanglich (OECD)
Quick Access

80 per cent of the world’s poorest could be living in fragile contexts by 2030, making fragility one of the capital challenges to achieving sustainable development. Fragility is multidimensional and complex, and progress in fragile contexts is not easy. But instead of shying away from this task, the ambition of the international community must be stepped up. Foreign policy can help increase the efficacy of investments to tackle fragility.

Janani Vivekananda, Martin Wall (adelphi), Florence Sylvestre and Chitra Nagarajan

Lake Chad is caught in a conflict trap. Violence between armed opposition groups – including the so-called ‘Islamic State West Africa Province’ and ‘Boko Haram’ – and state security forces has left 10.7 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. Climate change is compounding these challenges. This report identifies key risks and proposes pragmatic solutions to shore up stability in the region.

Adaptation & Resilience
Climate Change
Global Issues
Dennis Tänzler and Nicholas Scherer, adelphi

The guidelines for conflict-sensitive adaptation to climate change were developed by adelphi on behalf of the German environment Agency (UBA) and outline how to design and implement an adaptation project in a fragile or conflict-affected context. Addressed at planners and project managers, the guide provides tools and methods to ensure that an adaptation project does not exacerbate tensions and, ideally, contributes to peace and stability.

Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), International Organization for Migration (IOM) and United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

Land remains the most fundamental asset for the majority of vulnerable populations living in developing countries, as their livelihoods are directly linked to agriculture. When desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD) disrupt these livelihoods, migration is often the only option that remains. In new report, the SEI, the IOM and the UNCCD explore the links between land degradation and migration, looking into good practices and lessons learned and recommending policy approaches that address DLDD-specific migration.

SIWI

Growing water scarcity and climate change effects are having a profound global impact resulting in an urgent need for increased dialogue and cooperation over shared water resources. In this policy brief, the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) highlights the potential of water diplomacy as an approach for forwarding peace and the better management of transboundary waters.

Climate Change
Land & Food
Global Issues
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Land is already under growing human pressure and climate change is adding to these pressures. The Special Report on Climate Change and Land, launched by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on 8 August 2019, looks into land resources as critical for the climate, and highlights the importance of sound land management for addressing climate change. The report will be a key scientific input into forthcoming climate and environment negotiations.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Energy
Sustainable Transformation
Global Issues
Ashim Paun, Lucy Acton, Amit Shrivastava, James Pomeroy and Tarek Soliman (HSBC)
HSBC Global Research 2019 - Fragile Planet

The 2015 Paris Agreement has focused global attention on the need for countries to address climate change risks. But not all countries are equal, in terms of either their ambition or ability to achieve economies which are low-carbon and aligned with greenhouse gas emission trajectories which scientists say are necessary to limit warming to 2ºC. The associated transition in national energy systems and broader economies to a low-carbon world will present risks, but also opportunities.

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