Mikael Hildén, Glada Lahn, Timothy R. Carter, Richard J. T. Klein, Ilona M. Otto, Benjamin Pohl, Christopher P. O. Reyer and Fabien Tondel
Policy Brief

As the EU revisits and updates its climate adaptation strategy and deals with fast-changing external relations, it is essential that policy-makers consider the risks of cross-border and cascading impacts and the Union’s range of influence for mitigating and preparing for them. In this short policy brief, the newly launched CASCADES project sets out the challenge.

Climate Change
Climate Diplomacy
Conflict Transformation
Environment & Migration
Security
Global Issues
German Federal Foreign Office
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Climate change is not only one of the greatest global challenges, but also gives the German Federal Foreign Office the opportunity in the area of foreign policy to support other countries and international organisations in dealing with the impact of climate change and in the transformation towards a climate-neutral economy.

Beatrice Mosello (adelphi), Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi) and Liesa Sauerhammer
Quick Access

This Research Paper takes stock of what we currently know about the links between climate change, fragility and conflict, summarizing evidence from research and practice over the last 25 years.

Biodiversity & Livelihoods
Climate Change
Development
Environment & Migration
Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Global Issues
Beatrice Mosello (adelphi) and Lukas Rüttinger (adelphi)
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Evidence from existing programs shows that climate change adaptation interventions can contribute to peacebuilding, and peacebuilding can have significant adaptation benefits.

Security
Middle East & North Africa
Oli Brown, Climate Security Expert Network/Chatham House
Policy Brief

Africa in general, and the Sahel in particular, is often identified as the region where climate change is most likely to undermine security and trigger violent conflict. This is a function of the region’s history of violent conflict and its perceived vulnerability to climate change.

Igarapé Institute, Institute for Climate and Society (iCS)
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In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), climate change is affecting specific areas in different ways. This publication explores how climate contributes to insecurity in the LAC region. They resulted from a partnership between the Igarapé Institute and the Instituto Clima e Sociedade (iCS), both in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with the support of the German Embassy in Brasília.

Dhanasree Jayaram, Manipal Academy of Higher Education/Climate Security Expert Network
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South Asia is one of the world’s most climate-vulnerable regions. Many countries in the region lack the resources and capacities needed to cope with the worsening impacts of climate change. At the same time, climate change is increasingly interacting with socio-economic, demographic and political factors to exacerbate fragility risks.

Coral Pasisi, Climate Security Expert Network/Sustainable Pacific Consultancy
Policy Brief

Climate change is the single greatest threat to the livelihood, security and well-being of Pacific Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The threat is increasing at a time when the region is already facing complex geopolitical dynamics and multifaceted security risks.

Security
Sub-Saharan Africa
Milen Yishak, Climate Security Expert Network
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Ethiopia is a key security player in the Horn of Africa: while the country can act as an important catalyst for peace, it can also be a significant source of instability if conflict risks and climate resiliency are not managed proactively.

Oli Brown, Climate Security Expert Network/Chatham House
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For the past four decades, Afghanistan has suffered from the devastating impacts of constant armed conflict. Conflicts have increased Afghanistan’s already high vulnerability to climate change, the impacts of which may, in turn, help to create the conditions for continued violence.

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