The ECC Factbook is an interactive online map and encyclopaedia analysing more than 100 conflicts with an environmental dimension. Its fundamental purpose is to provide an overview of conflict and cooperation around the world relating to environmental change, and to allow diplomats, policy-makers and the public to search, access, understand and compare instances of conflict, conflict resolution and peacebuilding. By serving as a knowledge platform that helps users to better understand the drivers behind environmental conflict and cooperation, and to harness the lessons learned from earlier (non-)interventions, it ultimately seeks to contribute to preventing, transforming and resolving these types of conflict.
To fulfil this purpose, the Factbook combines a map with numerous filtering options with in-depth fact sheets that contain case studies on conflict origin and resolution, quantitative indicators, and infographics and tables on the mechanisms driving conflict as well as the strategies available for its resolution.
As an example of such a conflict, see the case on the role of climate change in the Syrian Civil War below. A visual diagram – the conceptual model – helps to understand how environmental and social drivers interact in triggering conflict, illustrating a nuanced discussion of the debate of the multiple causes leading to this conflict’s emergence. Some of the most prominent cases are also accompanied by a video that presents the most important findings as a visual narrative.
The Factbook’s analysis of a broad range of historical and contemporary conflicts makes this tool a helpful resource for anyone seeking a short synthesis, or entry point for research, on a specific case, region or causal mechanism linking environmental change and conflict or conflict resolution. Its coverage of conflicts in the Horn of Africa and the Middle East are among the most popular pages of the ECC platform (with one case on South Sudan bringing over 3000 visitors to the site in 2016).