The Climate Security Dialogues were created in cooperation with the KlimaCampus and Research Group Climate Change and Security (CLISEC) at the University of Hamburg as a forum to discuss the impacts of a shifting climate in times of political, economic and demographic transformation, bridging the science-policy gap.
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN– The Water-Food-Energy-Migration Complex
The Southern Mediterranean region encompasses Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey. Key climate change challenges in the region include increasing water scarcity, desertification and the degradation of fertile soils, which already contribute to conflicts and population displacements. In May 2011, experts on food security, water, energy and applied economics from Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt and Palestine met to exchange perspectives on the potential effects of climate change. Recommendations by the regional experts included encouraging the integration of climate change into existing regional initiatives and agreements on shared water resources, as well as fostering their transparent management.
LATIN AMERICA – Addressing Food and Water Security Risks
Latin America comprises the countries of Central and South America as well as Mexico and the Caribbean. In September 2011, adelphi convened natural scientists in geography, meteorology and hydrology, along with civil society experts from Argentina, Mexico, Peru and Colombia to meet with European social scientists and members of the foreign, development and security policy communities. Resource competition among different sectors is likely to be accentuated as shared resources, such as water for energy security and agriculture, become scarcer. The key messages by the group of experts focused on the need for more consultation of different social groups and for strengthening the knowledge base for addressing climate change and planning adaptation measures in the region.
CENTRAL ASIA – Interlinkages between Water and Energy Security Trends
The Central Asian region stretches over Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Central Asia will be severely affected by climate change, particularly through water scarcity and related impacts on energy security. Experts from the region on integrated water resource management, transboundary water management and development met with academics and members of the security and foreign policy communities from Germany. The experts highlighted the need to improve resource efficiency and effective coordination to address climate change challenges. Recommendations included to go beyond a single-sector approach and gradually involve Afghanistan in cooperation mechanisms.
SOUTH ASIA – Conflict or Cooperation over the Himalayas?
Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka belong to the region of South Asia. Decreased availability of natural resources and an increasing number and intensity of natural disasters will be the main climate challenges in the region. The dialogue drew from the insights of regional experts on climate, water, security and meteorology, who met with decision-makers, academics and representatives of civil society organisations and think tanks from Germany and other European countries. The sub-region is most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, in particular due to the effects on wetlands and glacial areas of the Himalayas. If these crucial elements of the overall regional ecosystem are damaged, a vital link in flood warning and protection against floods may be lost.