adelphi and the German Federal Foreign Office hosted a series of expert discussions from 2012 to 2017, each focusing on a geopolitical issue related to climate diplomacy.

 

RUSSIA AND LOW-CARBON DEVELOPMENT AFTER PARIS

Oleg Pluzhnikov, Deputy Head of the Branch Division of Business Russia, an association of entrepreneurs, presented opportunities and barriers for ambitious climate action in Russia. The discussion focused on current developments in Russian climate politics, its key actors, the role of progressive businesses, and specified entry points for re-vitalising international cooperation on climate topics.

INDIA’S CLIMATE, ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY POLICY

DhanasreeJayaram, Researcher at the Department of Geopolitics and International Relations, Manipal University, gave a talk on environmental change in the water-food-energy nexus in India, clarifying the links to national development priorities. The discussion explored opportunities to respond to the country’s challenges by means of international cooperation.

NATURAL RESOURCES IN VIOLENT CONFLICT

David Jensen, Head of the UNEP Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding programme, discussed the role of natural resources and climate change in violent conflict and achieving peace. He stressed that accounting for environmental factors inpost-conflict processes is crucial for long-term stability and highlighted ways to transform potential sources of tension into a platform for peacebuilding.

PERSPECTIVES ON TRANSATLANTIC CLIMATE POLICY

Professor Stacy VanDeveer of the University of New Hampshire (USA) met with German Federal Foreign Office staff to identify opportunities for transatlantic cooperation. The discussion highlighted the diverse policies and perspectives of Canadian and United States actors, and the dynamic nature of current discussions over possible energy futures.

THE GULF MONARCHIES IN THE RUN-UP TO COP 18

In preparation for the UNFCCC COP in Qatar, Dr Mari Luomi of Georgetown University in Qatar elaborated on the climate and energy policy of the Arab Gulf states. As their population grows and energy demand increases, the Gulf countries show rising interest in the development of alternative energy sources.

CLIMATE CHALLENGES AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR

Max Schön, Chairperson of Stiftung 2 Grad, an initiative of German corporate directors and family business leaders, briefed Federal Foreign Office staff on business engagement in addressing climate change. He argued that companies are willing to actively engage in the debate on climate change mitigation if a climate change policy provides a reliable framework for action.

A FAIR COMPROMISE TO BREAK THE CLIMATE IMPASSE

Dr Marco Grasso, Senior Lecturer at the Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (Italy), led an exchange on a realistic, fair and effective climate agreement in the run-up to the UNFCCC COP in Paris. He emphasised the need to bridge the expectation gap between countries, and suggested a carbon budgeting approach based on CO2 consumption rather than CO2 production.

CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS EFFECTS ON GEOPOLITICS

Cleo Paskal, Associate Fellow at Chatham House (UK), commented on the current geo-political, geo-economic and geo-physical changes in worldwide power relations, taking the South Pacific as an example. She advocated an ambitious climate diplomacy engagement under the leadership of Europe, the US and Canada in the Pacific region.